Four out of five people suffer from gum disease, known as periodontal disease. Most people are not aware they have periodontal disease because it does not typically cause pain in early stages. The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease refers to damage of the tissues that surround the teeth (gums and bone). When harmful bacteria, plaque, and calculus are not removed from the teeth, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Initially, periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. When it advances, it leads to bone loss which in-turn causes tooth loss.
Not only is periodontal disease the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Women who are pregnant have an increased risk of periodontal disease. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease as it inhibits proper healing.
To help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease, good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits are vital.
*Please note the people depicted in the photographs are models and not real patients.*